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Biodiversity is defined in the Convention on Biological Diversity (article 2) as: "the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems." It is also clear that humanity's survival depends on the conservation of this biodiversity. Massive growth in world population and changes in lifestyles brought by economic growth and technology in both developed and developing countries have greatly increased and accelerated the degradation and loss of natural resources, in particular of terrestrial and marine living resources.

Several international and regional conventions have been adopted to halt and reverse the loss of natural resources, including the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the Convention on Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS), the Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), and the International Convention for the Regulation of Whaling (ICRW) among others. Although an international legal framework exists for the conservation of biodiversity, numerous policy initiatives or frameworks designed to tackle other challenges (such as climate change or sustainable development) can, if improperly designed, have significant impacts on biodiversity. Conversely, by application of a multiple objective approach, engagement in international, national and sub-national policy and legal frameworks can contribute to improving biodiversity governance and conservation.

We support the implementation of actions at the national, regional and international level in order to reach shared goals of conservation and sustainable use of natural resources, through our cross-cutting programmes and projects in Land use/forests, REDD+, Safeguards, Multilateralism