Our knowledge products include briefing papers, think pieces, academic articles, project related publications, and capacity building tools. They are categorised by their international and country specific application or relevance. Please note much of our work and publications contain sensitive and confidential information, and are therefore not available in this public domain.
CITES CoP17 marked a key point in its history, both for elephants and in the CoP’s ability to address domestic trade. Considered together, the decisions taken represent a recognition that a legal ivory trade is the primary threat to elephant populations across the continent. While measures are still needed to close loopholes, the CoP17 decisions, including increased international cooperation in law enforcement to fight wildlife crime and a strengthened compliance process on ivory trade through NIAPs, mark a large step towards safeguarding elephant populations and the ecosystems of which they are part.
The purpose of this tool is to assist countries to strategically plan the design process of their Safeguards Information System, drawing from countries’ best practices and lessons learned, through a self-assessment approach.
The purpose of this document is to provide the basis for the design of the SIS in Mexico. In particular, this document presents the considerations for the 'beta' design of the SIS, and the identification of the primary information systems and sources to respond to the reporting needs of the SIS in Mexico.
Mexico has given explicit recognition to REDD+ safeguards. The National Safeguards System is the structure that will guarantee compliance with the REDD+ safeguards in the REDD+ activities that are applied.
The purpose of this document is to determine which aspects of Mexico's governance arrangements will be used to ensure compliance with REDD+ safeguards during the implementation of REDD+ actions at a federal and a state level.
This document aims to provide guidance and a systematic overview of the different processes and considerations that form the core of Country Approaches to Safeguards (CAS). The broader objective of this document is to provide a framework structure for REDD+ countries seeking to develop their own CAS to respond to the UNFCCC and other international REDD+ safeguard requirements.
This toolkit was prepared to support the capacity-building component of the Operationalising National Safeguard Requirements for Results-based Payments from REDD+ project in Viet Nam. Targeted at the core group of Viet Nam’s Sub Technical Working Group on Safeguards, the objective of this toolkit is to provide a consolidated guide that explains the historical origin and development of the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards, clarifies the main international legal requirements linked to REDD+ safeguards and the provision of results-based payments, as well as providing the conceptual framework for what is being referred to as the “Country Approach to Safeguards” (CAS). The CAS is the term used to described the combined activities and processes that REDD+ countries are undertaking to meet their multiple legal and contractual requirements associated with REDD+ safeguards.
For the small island states ("SIS") of the Pacific Ocean, climate change is an important issue, At the Paris negotiations, this bloc of nations maintained their assertion that the developed world needs to do more regarding mitigation. Australia has a legal responsibility to the SIS in the Pacific to act on climate change as outlined in the Oslo Principles. This brief examines the climate obligations in relation to Small Island States.
A country approach to safeguards (CAS) is emerging as a practical, cost-effective, and strategic model for meeting UNFCCC (and other relevant) REDD+ safeguards requirements, as well as supporting all-important country ownership and relevance. This paper presents the main elements and steps of a CAS, as well as lesson learned from various countries.
The Warsaw Framework for REDD+ consolidates the requirements that must be met in order to receive results-based payments, however these requirements are somewhat broad in the interests of flexibility and preserving national sovereignty. This is particularly true in the case of the REDD+ safeguards, which must be “addressed and respected”. The question is how best to do this? In order to ensure that they are both addressed and respected, the rights and obligations that they embody must be made enforceable nationally and therefore anchored to the legal framework. This can be achieved by building on countries’ existing legal frameworks in as far as such frameworks exist. This paper demonstrates how countries are working to achieve this through the application of a Country Safeguards Approach, drawing on examples from countries in Latin America.
This briefing presents an overview of how land-use is currently addressed under the UNFCCC, identifies fundamental policy gaps, and argues that the sector can and should be addressed more coherently in the international climate regime. It sets out why and how the UNFCCC's treatment of the land-use sector under the post-2020 agreement should go beyond its current exclusive GHG focus to recognise governance, protection of biodiversity and rights as fundamental enabling conditions for permanent, effective and equitable climate action.
The paper builds upon decision already made under the UNFCCC and provides a practical set of elements for countries to consider when developing their summary of information on safeguards for submission to the UNFCCC. The paper includes inputs from diverse stakeholders including from indigenous people and non-governmental organisations, researchers, and forest and donor countries.
This report presents the experiences and lessons learnt from countries that have started to adopt a CSA. The document was developed with input from various countries, including Mexico, Belize, Costa Rica, Peru, Guatemala, Vietnam, Honduras, and Panama, and is aimed at supporting countries which are starting or about to start designing a CSA.
This paper provides specific recommendations and solutions to ensure that a jurisdictional REDD+ program applying the VCS's JNR will be able to meet the Carbon Fund's Methodological Framework and the UNFCCC requirements.
This book highlights the importance of designing clear frameworks of enabling policies, laws and institutions to structure and guide the implementation of REDD+ and draws on examples from countries that have already taken steps to implement or prepare for the implementation of REDD+ through their legal framework. It aims to support greater understanding of the international requirements for REDD+, as well as the additional legal enabling conditions that are needed to ensure its successful implementation and permanence, while also providing indicative guidance on how countries can meet these requirements through their legal frameworks.
The paper explains the conceptual framework adopted for the construction of CSA and summarizes the progress that Mexico has made developing this system. The report also makes an initial proposal of structural indicators that can provide information on how Mexico is prepared to address and respect the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards.
This report contributes to the implementation of Safeguards Information System through the identification and analysis of reporting and monitoring mechanisms derived from exisiting national policy instruments in the country, and that might be used to provide information on UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards.
The guidelines aim to support countries in determining how to respond to UNFCCC and other REDD+ safeguard commitments, by providing a framework and step-by-step guidance to support the design of a country-led safeguards approach (CSA). A CSA is a methodological framework designed to enable a country to respond to international and national safeguard commitments, by building upon its existing governance system (its legal, institutional and compliance frameworks) that, combined, can be used to operationalise safeguards and provide information as to how they are being addressed and respected.
The article aims to contribute to efforts undertaken to link REDD+ and FLEGT processes. It argues that although REDD+ and FLEGT adopt different approaches, they have similar objectives and are faced with common and overlapping risks. The article looks at safeguards adopted under REDD+ and FLEGT to overcome these risks and explores potential synergies (in terms of content and process), which could be built upon to avoid duplication of efforts and reinforce the effectiveness of each process.
This report provides the first analytical input to inform initial options, priorities, milestones and recommendations on all aspects related to REDD+ safeguards in Vietnam, consistent with national regulations, capacities and circumstances, as well as international REDD+ processes.
The report provides analytical inputs for the design of a National Safeguards System in Mexico. It includes an: a) analysis of the relevant and applicable legal framework in Mexico in relation to safeguards; b) analysis of the relevant and applicable safeguards initiatives operating in Mexico; c) offers a clear understanding of how the Mexican legal framework can be used to implement safeguards and identifies gaps that need to be addressed; and d) offers a clear understanding of how the relevant processes of multilateral and voluntary initiatives can be used to support the implementation of the safeguards system.
The publication seeks to provide a conceptual framework for the design of a country safeguards system in Mexico, identifying key considerations, elements and potential steps the country could take to implement such a system.
This guidance document is the result of an interpretative legal analysis of over 90 international and regional conventions, non-binding declarations, voluntary mechanisms and regional case law. The document provides guidance as to what the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards mean, and outlines measures that could be considered for implementation, all of which are consistent with the relevant and applicable international law.
This guidance document analyses the 'safeguards' and policy requirements of the UN-REDD programme; Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF); World Bank (WB); Forest Investment Programme (FIP) and the multiple delivery partners of the FIP and FCPF, such as the Inter-American Development Bank and the Asian Development Bank. The document analyses to what extent these initiatives meet or contribute to the implementation of the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards. It is intended to assist governmental and non-governmental actors to comply with the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards and the 'safeguards' of voluntary and multilateral REDD+ initiatives.
This course is aimed at introducing stakeholders to the relevance of designing a country safeguard approach, as well as the presenting the components and steps to develop a CSA.
This course is aimed at building capacities of stakeholders in the area of REDD+ safeguards. It includes information of the negotiation and development of safeguards for REDD+ under the UNFCCC and other initiatives such as the FCPF and UN-REDD+. It included a detailed interpretation and explanation of the UNFCCC REDD+ safeguards. The course content is available online here.